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Hindu System's 27 Nakshatras

Nakshatra OR Constellations

It was observed by the ancient Astronomers that many changes occurred within the 30 degree zones mapped out by the Zodiac. It was therefore, found necessary to subdivide each of the twelve sections or Signs of the Zodiac. Using the belt of Fixed Stars which encircle the Earth at the Equator as markers, they divided the Zodiacal Background into 27 sections, the boundary of each being marked by a particular Fixed Star, located close to the Zodiacal belt. These sections are known as the Asterisms or Nakshatras. 
They begin at the same point in the Constellation Aries which marks the beginning of the Zodiac,. and since each extends over an arc of 13deg-20', there are therefore twenty-seven of them in the complete circle of 360 degrees.

 

The 27 'Nakshatras' in the Hindu System of Astrology :

Nakshatra

Lord

Yoni

Guna

Presiding Diety

1. Ashwini.

Ketu

Horse

Deva

Ashwini Kumar

2. Bhairini

Venus

Elephant

Manushya

Yama

3. Krittika.

Sun

Goat

Rakshasa

Agni

4. Rohini.

Moon

Serpent

Manushya

Brahma

5. Mrigasira.

Mars

Serpent

Deva

Soma

6. Ardra

Rahu

Dog

Manushya

Rudra

7. P.Vasu.

Jupiter

Cat

Deva

Aditi

8. Pushya

Saturn

Goat

Deva

Brihaspati

9. Aslesha.

Mercury

Cat

Rakshasa

Ahi

10. Magha.

Ketu

Rat

Rakshasa

Pitragana

11. P.Phalguni.

Venus

Rat

Manushya

Bhagya

12. U. halguni.

Sun

Cow

Manushya

Surya

13. Hasta.

Moon

Buffalo

Deva

Savita

14. Chitra.

Mars

Tiger

Rakshasa

Vishwakarma

15. Swati.

Rahu

Buffalo

Deva

Pawan

16. Visakha.

Jupiter

Tiger

Rakshasa

Satragni

17. Anuradha.

Saturn

Deer

Deva

Mitra

18. Jyestha.

Mercury

Deer

Rakshasa

Indra

19. Moola.

Ketu

Dog

Rakshasa

Nirriti

20. P.asadha.

Venus

Monkey

Manushya

Toya

21. U.asadha.

Sun

Mongoose

Manushya

Vishwadeva

22. Shravana.

Moon

Monkey

Deva

Hari

23. Dhanista.

Mars

Lion

Rakshasa

Vasu

24. Satabisa.

Rahu

Horse

Rakshasa

Varuna

25. P.Bhadra.

Jupiter

Lion

Manushya

Ajapada

26. U.Bhadra.

Saturn

Cow

Manushya

Abhibadhnu

27. Revati

Mercury

Elephant

Deva

Pushan

 

The Zodiac, therefore, divides heavens into twelve equal sections of thirty degrees each. The Asterisms, however, are sections or divisions of the heavens of 13deg-20' each. But it was found that changes in conditions and characteristics occurred even within these smaller boundaries and so each Asterism is further subdivided into arcs of 3deg-20' or into quarter sections.

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